India Facing Its Worst Ever Water Crisis, a Niti Aayog Report Finds The report also consists of the first comprehensive, state-wise water management index created to help mitigate the crisis

INDIA IS facing “its worst water crisis” threatening millions of lives and livelihoods, a NITI Aayog report published on Thursday said.

According to the report, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress while about two lakh people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water. The crisis is predicted to get worse.

A Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) developed by the NITI Aayog is also included in the report. This is the first-ever comprehensive data-backed index which looks at how each state is doing in terms of water resource management.

Gujarat is on the top of the index followed by Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh in the Non-Himalayan states.

In Himalaya states, Tripura ranked the highest, followed by Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim.

Jharkhand and Meghalaya were ranked the lowest in the respective categories.

NITI Aayog Report on Water Management
(Source: NITI Aayog Report on Water Management)

Despite the high rankings of some states, the report notes that there is room for improvement in all states as almost 60% of the states have been classified as “low performers”.

Interestingly,  several water-scarce states are the leaders in Index of performance. Several of the high and medium performers—Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Telangana—are states that have suffered from severe droughts in recent years

Gujarat's Water and Sanitation Managment Organisation
Gujarat’s Water and Sanitation Managment Organisation(Source: www.gujaratindia.com )

The Index comprises nine broad themes covering groundwater, irrigation, urban & rural water supply etc. These were further divided into twenty-eight key indicators on which the states were judged.  The results of which will, hopefully, “propel action in the states to improve water outcomes”.




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